Tag Archives: referencing

How do I cite a Kindle book?

Other e-readers are available…


We were only able to find guidance for a couple of the popular referencing styles, but hopefully this will give you an idea of what to do next! Link to any good resources in the comments, and we’ll tweet them.

APA referencing:

Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success [Kindle DX version]. 
 Retrieved from Amazon.com



Patterson, M. 2012. Lost places in dreams. [Kindle DX version] Transworld Media. Available at: Amazon.co.uk <http:// www.amazon.co.uk> [Accessed 9 June 2012].


If you use another e-reader, put details of the version you have read in the [square brackets] instead.

What about in the text?


In the text, however, citation can get confusing because e-books often lack page numbers (though PDF versions may have them). Kindle books have “location numbers,” which are static, but those are useless to anyone who doesn’t have a Kindle too. To cite in text, either (a) paraphrase, thus avoiding the problem (e.g., “Gladwell, 2008”), or (b) utilize APA’s guidelines for direct quotations of online material without pagination (see Section 6.05 of the manual). Name the major sections (chapter, section, and paragraph number; abbreviate if titles are long), like you would do if you were citing the Bible or Shakespeare.

Gladwell’s book has numbered chapters, and he’s numbered the sections in the chapters. An example direct quotation might be this:

One of the author’s main points is that “people don’t rise from nothing” 
(Gladwell, 2008, Chapter 1, Section 2, para. 5)




If you include a quotation from an ebook without page numbers, use the section heading or chapter heading as a guide to locating your quotation, if available.


How do I cite a Tweet?

So you’ve found a tweet that will be really useful in your dissertation, or essay…



But how do you reference it?


Author/Organisation [Twitter handle]. (Year, month, day of tweet). Full text of tweet [Tweet]. Retrieved from url of tweet. http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/10/how-to-cite-social-media-in-apa-style.html

Royal Holloway Picture Gallery [RHULGallery]. (2014, December 3). It’s the penultimate opening hours of the term. Come and see our amazing art collection today from 11-4pm before we close for the holidays! [Tweet]. Retrieved from: https://twitter.com/RHULGallery/status/540106703199813632


Author/Organisation, Twitter post, Month day, year of tweet, time of tweet, url of user’s twitter profile. http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0164.html

Royal Holloway Picture Gallery, Twitter post, December 3, 2014, 11:34 a.m., https://twitter.com/RHULGallery


Author/Organisation, Year. Full text of tweet [Twitter]. Day/month tweet written. Available at: <URL> [Date accessed]. http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm

Royal Holloway Picture Gallery, 2014. It’s the penultimate opening hours of the term. Come and see our amazing art collection today from 11-4pm before we close for the holidays! [Twitter]. 3 December. Available at: https://twitter.com/RHULGallery/status/540106703199813632 [3 December 2014]


(a) Twitter @handles and #hashtags should be preserved where given. Care should be taken to identify the original rather than an echo such as a retweet. Postings should be identified by the writer and date, but time of day is unnecessary, and no URL need be given. The writer should be identified by both real name and, in round brackets, the username or handle being used, unless the handle alone is identifiable as it stands. http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Books/StyleGuide/

Royal Holloway Picture Gallery (@RHULGallery) It’s the penultimate opening hours of the term. Come and see our amazing art collection today from 11-4pm before we close for the holidays! 3 December 2014.


Begin the entry in the works-cited list with the author’s real name and, in parentheses, user name, if both are known and they differ. If only the user name is known, give it alone.
Next provide the entire text of the tweet in quotation marks, without changing the capitalization. Conclude the entry with the date and time of the message and the medium of publication (Tweet). http://www.mla.org/style/handbook_faq/cite_a_tweet

Royal Holloway Picture Gallery (RHULGallery) “It’s the penultimate opening hours of the term. Come and see our amazing art collection today from 11-4pm before we close for the holidays!” 3 December 2014, 11:34 a.m. Tweet.



Referencing essentials: RefWorks

RefWorks is a web-based tool that is free to use for undergraduates and taught postgraduates. It will help you to capture, save and organise references, create bibliographies in a range of difference styles that can be used in a range of Word processing tools. You can access it on- and off-campus, from any PC which has internet access.

How do I access it?

  1. Go to the Citing and Referencing Tab on your Subject Guide OR the Citing and Referencing Guide.
  2. Click on the RefWorks Link.
  3. Create your account:

When you first use RefWorks you will need to register. From off campus, you also need our Group Code which is RWRoyalH. Then fill in your registration details as follows:

  1. Your name
  2. Your email address
  3. Choose your login name and password (we recommend using your RHUL IT username e.g. abcd123)
  4. Select your user type (e.g. undergraduate)
  5. Select your focus area (e.g. humanities)
  6. Select ‘register’ to finish

Using RefWorks

  • You can import information on books, journal articles, webpages from databases like LibrarySearch, or using the Ref-GrabIt tool.


  • RefWorks creates a database of your references and you can search it, and organise it into folders

RefWorks folders

  • Use RefWorks to generate an automatic bibliography


  • Insert footnotes or references into your dissertation, or assignment.

What if I have questions?